from: The Weekly Times Melbourne 04 January 1930, page 6
TORNADO SWEEPS TOWNSHIPS
Axedale and Knowsley Suffer
Swooping along on a two mile front late in the afternoon of December 25, a terrific tornado caused extensive damage. The townships which suffered most were Knowsley, where not a building escaped damage, and Axedale.
The storm passed Bendigo more than 15 miles to the south, and levelled many trees and much fencing. All railway and post office telegraph lines are down between Heathcote and Bendigo, Axedale being the furthest station which can be picked up.
Reports stated that uprooted trees blocked the roadway and probably the railway line between Derrinal and Axedale. Gangs have been sent to inspect the railway line and restore the telegraph service. Bendigo hardly felt the blow.
The tornado was one of the most severe experienced in the Bendigo district. So far, no word has been received of loss of life. The severest section of the storm was from the fringe of the Wellsford Forest across Axe Creek to Axedaie and then on to Longlea.
The tornado had a width of two miles and took only about three minutes to pass over. It was followed by heavy rain averaging an inch.
When the storm left the forest, it first struck the home of Mr William Hawkins 4 1/2 miles from Axedale, on the banks of Axe Creek. Most of the house was unroofed, and damage was done to the outbuildings and fencing About a mile nearer Axedale the homestead of Messrs. Hawkins Bros was also struck by the storm, and fiverooms of the seven roomed house were unroofed. Extensive damage was caused to the outbuildings.
Similar damage was caused at other farms at Axedale. Mr D. Cochrane, who had been building a new home, had erected a large garage, workshop and shed. This and his house were badly twisted, and portions were blown away. Part of the house was lifted from its foundations.
Main Roads Blocked
Between this place and the Axedale township, many trees were blown down, and the main Bendigo Road was blocked. The roof of an unococupied house was torn off.
Mr J. Clyne’s house was damaged, and the properties of Messrs W. Weston, J. Ryan and W. S. Millington suffered. The roof of Mr H. Doyle’s house was lifted bodily and parts were scattered in all directions.
A valuable trotting horse, the property of Mr John Brundle, became frightened and took shelter in a corner, where a tree fell on it. It was rescued unhurt.
The storm next travelled to the Marydale Estate, owned by Mr F. Keighraan. The wool shed was wrecked and much fencing was destroyed.
When the motor train from Wallan arrived in Bendigo 30 minutes late today, the staff reported that Knowsley had appeared to get the fury of the storm Not a single place in the old township remained Intact.
The Roman Catholic Church, -a weatherboard building, and a private house were razed to the ground.
The goods shed at the station and the the railway caretaker’s house were unroofed. The verandah and roof of May’s store were torn off and a motor garage in the town suffered badly.
All along the railway line, trees and telegraph poles had been torn up and. strewn over the line. Gangs of men worked ail night to clear the line, Mrs. Hunter, Mr. Harop and Mrs .J. Evans, at Knowsley, were heavy losers by the storm
(Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading)
The following article was on The Bendigo Advertiser website on 12 July 2017. Could be the start of a huge combined effort by the Axedale community:
A progress association president says it is “now or never” for community action to keep an Axedale church from being sold into private hands.
The St Paul’s Anglican Church congregation last met in 2015 and the Anglican Diocese of Bendigo wants it rezoned and sold.
This Thursday the Axedale Our Town Our Future committee will consider stepping in to rally support to keep it in community hands.
The church was build in 1913. In recent times the congregation had diminished until it consisted of just two families, the diocese’ general manager Naomi Fountain said.
Two years ago the diocese and its Axedale Parish made the decision to stop services at the church, which Mrs Fountain described as “heartbreaking”.
“We are very much a rural diocese (and) we work very hard in rural parishes to maintain a sense of community and ministry,” she said.
Mrs Fountain said work had begun to rezone the property for residential use, though plans for a sales date was some time away.
AOTOF president Jennifer Jones said the turnout at a recent public information session showed there was some interest within the community for the church to remain a public institution.
She stressed any action to keep the building open to the public was still in early days, but could involve community groups purchasing it and surrounding land.
It was unclear how much support any plan would have if it was taken to the wider community, though Mrs Fountain said once the property was on the market the diocese would be open to community groups’ interest.
A community purchase would not come without what Ms Jones described as a “huge effort”.
A community committee would most likely be needed to drive fundraisers, grant applications and other work needed to raise money and coordinate any campaign.
Nor were there yet any concrete examples of what the building and grounds would be used for.
“My personal opinion is that it could become a community house or a small community hub,” Ms Jones said.
She said a recent survey had shown a need for space to house the area’s community groups.
“Axedale is growing. There’s lots of young families coming here,” Ms Jones said.
from Axedale Antics, Issue 146, September 2008
Axedale Public Hall
“Last month’s article in praise of the Axedale Public Hall inspired a couple of locals to contact the Antics and pass on a few memories. We welcome this feedback and hope that more of you will be inspired to add your own snippets of information to our fund of local knowledge.
Apparently, in it’s hey day, the Axedale Hall had the reputation of having the best dance floor anywhere in the district and people came from far and wide to do the Pride of Erin, the Barn Dance, Maxina, Charmaine, Evening Three Step, Modern Waltz and the Foxtrot, among other old time dances.
The hall custodians prepared the floor by scattering wax flakes or crystals and then ‘bagging’ the floor. Sometimes a box, covered in hessian or carpet was used and often small children helped the operation by riding on the bags or on top of the box, to add a bit of weight. The Dunlop family have been closely associated with the hall and Roy Dunlop was the regular M.C. or Master of Ceremonies. Peter and Kate Dunlop continue this involvement; Peter being the Secretary of the Hall Committee.
Music for the dancing was usually just provided by the piano and drums, and Maisie Evans and Win Byrne were regular pianists with Les Giri on the drums. Power for the dances, balls, and other entertainments was provided by a generator powered by an old Fordson tractor, which on occasions was notoriously difficult to start. There was a house on the corner of McIvor Highway and Mitchell Street, where the barbecue now stands, and the tractor was kept there, at the ready. Before it’s demolition, the house was the residence of the two Misses Ryan.
Although it is hard for us to imagine life without electricity, it only came to Axedale in December 1955, and country life was beginning to change. Young people were beginning to be known as ‘teenagers’. Some of them were even getting their own cars at 18 years of age, (although at Bendigo Teachers College in 1955, only 3 out of 200 had a car).
Rock and Roll music became popular. Shock horror, Elvis Presley ousted Johnny Ray (of ‘Crying’ Fame) and Bill Haley and The Comets burst onto the scene in the film “Rock Around The Clock’.
The first drive-in picture theatre opened in 1956 and competed with The Lyric, The Plaza, and The Princess, which were the existing Bendigo picture theatres at that time.
Dances were held at the YMCA and St. Killian’s on Saturday nights, and once a year a grand presentation ball was held in the Bendigo Town Hall, where each student was presented to the Mayor of Bendigo
November 1956 saw the arrival of TV, in time for the Melbourne Olympic Games, and even the liquor licences were changing. We said goodbye to the ‘6 o’clock swill’ and social life changed. Young people were mobile, dinner dances became popular, and by the time I returned to this district in 1965, the hall was used infrequently and carried a burden of debt.
Sometimes a new resident comes to a town, views the scene from a new perspective, and decides to make a difference. Such a person was Senior Constable A.E. (Ted) Godkin, who came to Axedale from Nagambie in 1967.
Ted could probably be described as a ‘sportsnut’. He was a champion lawn bowler and was immediately snapped up as a Pennant player by a top Bendigo club. He soon observed that Axedale had no sporting facilities at all apart from a sadly neglected public reserve, covered in 10ft high thistles, and a flat area where a couple of granite posts were the only remains of a tennis court. Then there was this beautiful hall, which stood like a white elephant, rarely used, and almost a liability to the community who still had to finish paying for it.
Having played an indoor version of the game of bowls in earlier days, Ted could envisage a regular competition which would provide recreation for people of all ages and an income stream to the Hall Committee. He lost no time in borrowing the necessary bowls, mats and measuring equipment, and spread the word around the district.
I’ll never forget the first bowls night. The Axedale people sat on one side of the hall while the Knowsley people sat on the other, because they didn’t really know each other at all well. The “Blowinskis” those of us who were new to the district, sat across the front while Ted explained the finer points.
It took off like wildfire. We managed for a while with borrowed equipment but soon were able to purchase new mats and sets of bias bowls. Indoor bowls was played two nights each week, Wednesday and Saturday, and it wasn’t long before Tournaments and Championships were on the agenda. We were able to fit seven mats in the hall, so it was not uncommon to have more than 100 participants. With a regular rental income, the Hall Committee soon covered the existing debt and went from strength to strength.
An extremely hard working Hall Committee Ladies Auxiliary ( a plaque in the hall commemorates a lifetime of service by Mon Colvin, 23 years as Secretary) ran an annual casserole luncheon, three debutante balls and formed a Euchre club.
Best of all, we got to know our neighbours and made lasting friendships. The Axedale Indoor Bowling Club functioned for more than 30 years until the cost of public liability insurance became prohibitive but in future issues we will explain how the sporting facilities we enjoy today sprang from the foundation
**written by Axedale resident, Lorraine Gunn
This is a great article of memories of the Axedale Public Hall and social life in a small country township.
from: Axedale Antics, Issue 145, August 2008
As we drive through Axedale, the centrepiece of our small township is our local Hall. Set in a surround of lovely old pepper trees, so typical of a northern Victoria town, it features picnic tables, a barbecue, a playground/skate ramp and entices many tourists passing through the region to stop a short while, take a break, enjoy a cuppa and make use of the facilities. We often wonder what impression the travellers gain of our town. Do we ever ask ourselves how fortunate we are to have such a well kept meeting place? Who built it originally? Who maintains it?
Our inaugural Australia Day Breakfast on January 26, 2008 (don’t forget to put it in your diary for next year) proved what a boon the local hall is to Axedale; the ideal venue for a laid-back community celebration of what it is to be an Aussie. Down through the years our hall has proved to be the hub of social interaction within the community, hosting dances, balls, concerts, school break-ups, family celebrations, farewells, meetings and various fund-raising efforts.
Before the present hall was built, halls connected to the two main hotels were used for meetings and dances. ‘Accent on Axedale’, published in 1970, tells us that “in 1927, Mr.W. Millington called a meeting to decide on ways of financing the erection of a Mechanic’s Institute or hall”. As a result, a committee was formed with P.O’Dwyer as the Chairman and W. Millington, the Secretary.
Various fund raising efforts were held over the years; mainly the annual sports and picnic days at the reserve. Finally with the help of a Government grant, the hall was built. It was opened by the Hon. J.H. Lienhop M.L.C. on December 12,1945. A debutante ball was held on December 28 1945, with 13 local girl forming the set. A Younger Set was formed with the proceeds of this first debutante ball. They bought some of the seats and the piano. They disbanded in 1951, and the remaining money was handed to the hall committee. It was to be very many more years, however, before the hall was finally paid for.
It must be remembered, that back in those days the social life of a community revolved around formal gatherings or entertainment. There was no TV, DVD or internet, mobile phones only limited transport and the cinema was a rare treat. Does anyone else remember ‘tea meetings’ and ‘lantern lectures’. These were generally held in connection with one of the churches, and often involved a visiting missionary, newly arrived from darkest Africa or some remote island community. Endless slides of native children singing hymns were shown to an audience, usually huddled under blankets or travel rugs to keep warm, and very often the projector would ‘blow up’ halfway through the performance which concluded with a collection for the mission.
These are my childhood memories, but, although they were set in a different part of Victoria, undoubtedly, Axedale residents experienced similar social functions.
‘Kitchen Teas’ were popular in my township, and nearly every bride-to-be in a country town would be asked to nominate the colour scheme of her future kitchen and people from far and wide would gather at a dance in the local hall, bearing a small gift in the appropriate colour way; ‘cream and green’, ‘cherry and cream’, ‘blue and white’, etc. A large trestle table on stage would be covered with sieves, cake tins, canisters, rolling pins, basins and all the myriad of kitchen gadgets, pot holders and tea towels needed to equip the new home. Sometimes there would e a wallet of cash to help with wedding expenses, and even the gift of clothing coupons during war time rationing. Those attending would not necessarily be wedding guests; just well wishers, casual friends and neighbours.
Another custom which occurred a few weeks after a newly-wed couple arrived home from their honeymoon, was the ‘tin-kettling’. Many a couple, wife with hair in curlers, husband unshaven and pyjama clad, would be disturbed by an almighty din outside their matrimonial home. On investigation, it would prove to be a group of friends and neighbours bearing plates of supper and creating a ruckus, to welcome home the newly married couple.
In the district where I was raised, there was such a dance in the local hall, every Saturday night. The dance band, and often a family group, would usually consist of a piano, saxophone and drums (no guitars), and the program was normally 50/50, meaning half old-time and half fox-trot. This was before the days of rock and roll, but I clearly recall the jive and jitterbug! Many of the dancers wore uniform and often the function was a welcome home for a veteran, or to farewell a young person off to to war. The older men and matrons of the town would prepare the hall, wax the floor, decorate, organise the music and the supper, then retire to the supper room to play Euchre until refreshments were required. Children danced together and learned ballroom dancing while their Mums played cards.
Once girls turned 16, (there were no ‘teenagers’ in those days), it was usual for them to ‘come out’ at a debutante ball. It was the custom for a young lady to put her hair up and wear her first long white dress. She could then attend the balls, which were the special occasion fundraisers in country towns. ‘Belle of the Ball’, ‘Star of the Evening’, ‘Young Farmer of the Year’, all of these competitions carried sashes for the winners and every girl had a number of ball gowns in her wardrobe. Very often bridal gowns were designed in such a way that by the addition of a bolero and the removal of the train, a useful ball gown was the result. Overskirts were added, gowns were dyed a different colour etc. Our forebears were a thrifty generation, but they knew how to enjoy a rich social life.
A good friend once told the story of a Saturday night dance in a Mallee township where a stranger pulled up his truck to the doorway of the local hall. Wearing shorts, army boots, no socks, a singlet and a hat, he asked each girl in turn to dance. When no-one would accept his invitation, he stomped out, returning with a hatful of wheat, which he threw across the dace floor. “If I don’t dance, nobody dances”, he said before roaring off in his truck. My friend was amazed when the locals calmly grabbed brooms and swept the floor, before resuming dancing as if nothing had happened.
When I came to Axedale 44 years ago, the effects of TV, the cinema (or the ‘pictures’, as we called it, drive-ins and the availability of transport had changed the social lives of country people and our local hall was not receiving the amount of use it required to pay off the remaining debt.
In our next issue we will explain what happened to save the day, and to ensure that our Hall remained the magnificent asset it is today.
….more to come in next post
**written by Axedale resident Lorraine Gunn
from Bendigo Advertiser 24 March 1914, page2
The following article is quite wordy and contains segments taken from the sermon, but it is worth reading, as it shows how important the church is to the Axedale community. 103 years later, St. Paul’s Anglican Church is about to be sold. This is a contentious point amongst residents of Axedale at the moment who would like to keep the church for community use.
AXEDALE ANGLICAN CHURCH.
The dedication of the new Church of England at Axedale look place on Sunday. The dedication service was conducted at 3o’clock in the afternoon bv the Rev. C.P. Brown, M.A. warden of St. Columbs Hall, Wangaratta, who had the distinction of holding the first Church of England service in Axedale. The evening service was in charge of the Rev. Canon Watson.
The foundation stone of the new structure was laid by the Lord Bishop of the diocese, in June last, but owing to a variety of causes, its completion was delayed until recently. The church, which has been named after St. Paul. was built to the design of Mr. John Beebe, the diocesan architect, and is of bluestone from the Axedale quarries. It consists of a nave and porch on the. north side.
The lofty walls and handsome Gothic windows give the building a very pleasing appearance, and as it occupies the summit of the hill in the centre of the township, it will be a new landmark ornament to the locality.
As was to be expected, very large congregations attended the opening services, the seating capacity of the church being quite overtaxed. This Bishop’s license for the performance of Divine service having been read by the Rev. C.P. Brown, M.A., the dedication service was proceeded with.
This includes special prayers for the following, viz:- Those who shall be baptised, those who shall be confirmed, for communicants, for hearers, for those who shall be married, for all who make offerings, and for all who worship in the newly dedicated house.
Evening prayer having been said, the Rev. C.P. Brown delivered the sermon, first of all expressing his astonishment and pleasure at the success achieved in the face of many difficulties in so short a time. Great enthusiasm and perseverance must have been shown by both minister and people to have secured such an edifice, and such a congregation as was present that afternoon.
They had named the church in honor of St. Paul, the earnest worker and missionary apostle, and it was to be hoped that St. Paul would be honored not only by the house of dead stones, bu also by the temple of living stones. Let them be enthusiastic, pushing and determined in their Christian work. No doubt this would lead to the clash of wills and quarrels, but that was nothing like as bad as the dead face of lethargy. In all their quarrels, (which were sure to come) let them honor St. Paul by imitating his unselfish self-efacement when necessary.
Again it was the Axedale Church not the church of a congregation or a section, but the church of the district and all the people – a church hallowed by memories, of the babes baptised therein. Of the men and women therein united in holy wedlock, of the hallowed memories of the dead – a church where all met round God’s table for spiritual sustenance. And being the Church of England, it linked them up with that development of Christ’s religion, which peculiarly suited and helped the English people. Finally, it was God’s own house and must ever be regarded with awe and reverence but at the same time with glad interest for there God himself dwells to rejoice the hearts of His faithful people and to meet them in sweet fellowship.
The evening service consisted of shortened evening prayer and the communion office with sermon. Canon Watson, taking as his text: “This is …The House of God (Genesis
xxvii, 17) observed that though this new house of God was not so great or costly as many of the houses of God, erected by men of different lands and ages, yet it was dear to them. It expressed the measure of their devotion to God, it proclaimed that they judged it right, that man should worship Him.
Again this new ‘house of God’ indicated their desire to have a new house in which God could be worshipped ‘according to the rites of the Church of England’ and the gospel set forth in accordance with the conception of it’s scope, entertained by that church.
There were now three houses of God in Axedale, each of them stood for a somewhat different conception of the character of the Christian religion, and by what was the best system by which the life of a Christian community should be regulated. Continuing Canon Watson said: “Until we see eye to eye we do well to make full use of our district ideas of what religion is and of the best way in which God’s work is to be promoted.
But let us have due respect for the views of others let us credit one another – as far as possible -with a sincere desire to promote the glory of God, and extend his kingdom. There are indeed far more things upon which we are agreed than there are upon which we differ. Look at the Nicene Creed which we have repeated tonight. All the churches represented in this town are agreed upon every article of that historic, that glorious summary of the Christian faith.
The primary purpose of a ‘house of God’ is to afford to men a fitting place where they may meet with God. The purpose for which man will depend upon his idea of the nature of God. These ideas have varied widely. We believe in that God whose will and nature have been revealed to us in the Old and New Testaments. Hence we meet with him for clearly defined purposes, and these have been admirably expressed in the exhortation at the commencement of our morning and evening prayer.
But it is one thing to have a ‘house of God’ erected for laudable purposes, it is another thing to tender acceptable worship therein. Recall how nobly Soloman portrays the purposes for which the great ‘house of God’ in Jerusalem was erected; and then look at the scathing condemnation of unacceptable worshippers therein uttered by Isaiah i. 10-15. What was requisites of acceptable worship? Penitence, reverence sincerity (see Isaiah i. 10-15; St. James 3 7-12)and gratitude.
But Christ came to save the lost and every Christian church must keep the one purpose to the front, and aim to cultivate those requisites of acceptable worship in all men, and it will be part of your work to attract men to this house, so that they may in due time learn to worship God acceptably.
Pre-eminently this ‘house of God’ exists for the purpose of affording opportunity for the setting forth of the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in the hope that all will be admitted into the family of God by baptism: and be subsequently nourished by meditation, prayer, and the Holy Communion.
Mr. W.H. Hillard, student in charge, assisted in the services of the day. Special hymns and psalms were sung at both services. Mis S. Evans, of Knowsley, presided at the organ. Miss Evans, of Knowsly effectively sand ‘He Wipes the Tear From Every Eye’ as an effertory solo. Miss Raines of Langworner, accompanying
(Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading)