Murder at Axedale 1894

The Society of One Place Studies have put out the challenge of posting using their 2022 blogging prompts. Following is my post for the January prompt, #oneplaceblacksheep

The Stabbing Affray at Axedale

from: Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918) Tuesday,16 January 1894

THE STABBING AFFRAY AT AXEDALE.

DOW COMMITTED FOR TRIAL.

At the City Police Court yesterday before Messrs. Keogh, P.M., Faul and Wilson, Js.P;, the young man Ernest Dow. was brought up on four separate charges, viz., unlawfully and maliciously wounding James Crossley; unlawfully and maliciously wounding a horse; furiously driving and larceny of £1. Prisoner pleaded guilty to the last charge. It was decided to hear the charges of unlawfully wounding first, and the following witnesses were called:-

James Crossley, marine dealer, residing in Bernard Street, stated that the prisoner came to him on 8th inst., and asked witness to go with him for some stuff he had collected at Axedale. Witness consented and they started with the horse and cart between 9 and 10. On the road, they called at the South Atlas hotel, and each had a glass of beer there. Prisoner then said they would take a near cut through the bush. They had got about three or four miles when witness dropped his pipe, and was stooping to pick it up when prisoner caught hold of his head with one hand. Witness asked him what he was going to do, and he replied “I’m going to murder you.”

The next thing he felt was the stab in his neck. Prisoner then made another blow at witness but missed, and witness pushed him out of the cart over the wheel. He then got up and started stabbing the horse in the neck. At this time blood’ was running down witness’ back from the wound in his neck, and the horse was also bleeding. Witness asked prisoner what he was doing, and he replied ” I want blood and I’ll have it.” Witness then told him if it was money he wanted he had none, at the same time throwing prisoner a shilling.

There were 16 or 17 wounds on the horse,, besides which prisoner had tried to cut its throat. Witness then being afraid the horse would bleed to death, persuaded prisoner to get into the cart. Witness followed and they drove to the Farmers’ Arms hotel, where they went in and had a drink, for which prisoner, paid. Witness called Mr. Queally and directed his attention to prisoner, who by this time was again stabbing away at, the horse. Everybody seemed frightened to restrain him. Prisoner then jumped into the cart and drove off towards Bendigo and Mr. Queally rode over to Strathfieldsaye for. the’ police. Constable Bowden came, and witness was afterwards taken to the hospital. Witness had never spoken to prisoner before the day of the occurrence. The horse was still alive, Mr. Aked, the veterinary surgeon, at tending it.

John Queally, hotelkeeper in McIvor Road, about five or six miles from Bendigo, deposed that prisoner and the last witness came to the hotel on 8th instant, and the latter asked what could be done to the horse as it had met with an accident. Witness saw the horse, which., was bleeding freely from a gash on tho neck. Prisoner asked for some sticking plaster and witness replied that that would be no good. All the time Crossley did not speak. Prisoner then said they would have drinks and witness noticed that his hands were covered with blood. Prisoner then went to the trough and washed his hands, and after having drinks both got into the cart. They had some words in the cart, and then got out, and prisoner made a lunge at the horse, but witness could not say if he had a knife.

Jane Keast residing in Moran Street, stated that on 8th instant, she was at McIvor Road railway gates, at about 1 o’clock. The prisoner came driving along with a horse and cart, and asked her to hurry up and open the gates, as, the horse was bleeding to death. Witness saw the blood on the horse, and asked prisoner what he had done to it, and he said he had stabbed it, out in the bush.

Elizabeth Spittle, licensee of the South Atlas hotel, stated that at about 11 o’clock on 8th instant, prisoner and Crossley called and had a drink of beer. About an hour later, prisoner came back by himself, and the horse was then bleeding freely from wounds in the neck and chest. Prisoner said that Crossley was in the bush and that the horse was hurt in the bush.

John Aked, veterinary surgeon, stated that on the 8th instant, he went to the livery stable to examine a horse there. He found several punctured wounds on each side of the neck. Two or three of the wounds, on the near side penetrated through the muscles. The knife produced would cause the wound.

Dr. Long, assistant resident surgeon at Bendigo Hospital, stated that Crossley was brought there on the 8th inst. He had a small punctured wound on the back of the neck, about half an inch wide, and one and a quarter inches deep, just over the region of the spine, but it did not reach the spine. The wound was not serious.

Constable Kelly stated that at 1.55 on the 8th inst. he was on duty in Hargreaves street, and arrested the prisoner for furiously driving a horse attached to a spring cart. The horse was bleeding freely from several wounds on the neck. On the way to the watchhouse witness asked prisoner why he treated the horse so, and he replied that he wanted to commit suicide. On searching prisoner, witness found a knife covered with blood and hair. Charges of furiously driving, also of unlawfully and-maliciously wounding a horse were entered against prisoner. Subsequently, from information receivod, witness engaged, a cab and proceeded to the South Atlas hotel, where he found Crossley in company with Constable Bowden. Witness brought Crossley to the watchhouse, where a third charge of unlawfully wounding Crossley was entered against prisoner. Prisoner was slightly under the influence of drink when arrested.

Mounted constable Bowden, stationed at Strathfieldsaye, also gave evidence.

This concluded the evidence on the first two charges, and prisoner, who had nothing to say, was committed for trial at the next sittings of the Supreme Court on 20th February.

The charge of furiously driving was withdrawn and prisoner pleaded guilty to the.lar larceny of £1 from a ladnamed Henry Hemmingson at Kangaroo Creek on 7th instant. Evidence regarding the theft-was given by the complainant, a lad about 15 years of age. Constable W. Riley informed the bench.that prisoner had been before the court on .eight previous occasions, the first, being in May, 1889. Since then, he had been fined for stealing wood and convicted on charges of being drunk while in charge of a dray, insulting behavior, obscene language and other minor offences. Prisoner was then sentenced to two months’ imprisonment with hard labor on the charge of larceny.

“THE STABBING AFFRAY AT AXEDALE.” Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918) 16 January 1894: 3. Web. 4 Jan 2022 <http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88940730&gt;.

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Axedale Community Hall 1995

From: Axedale Antics, December 1995, Edition 92

Axedale Hall 50 Years of Service
As early as the mid 1930s, meetings were held with the view of constructing a new hall that would service the district, and replace the older building then in use.

In the minutes of a meeting held 26 April 1939, it is recorded that a letter was received from Mr. R.B. Brennan, Strathfieldsaye Shire Secretary, stating that the shire council had decided to grant the committee’s request for hall plans and transfer of building site. It was moved by Cr. Mill and seconded by Mr. Lynch that the committee approve of a plan of 60 feet by 40 feet dancing space and Shire Engineer Mr. Flight submit the plans accordingly.

At a meeting held 14 June 1939, Mr. Flight reported to the committee that the estimated cost of the new hall would be 1,141 pounds.

On 19 October 1943, the committee requested the Shire of Strathfieldsye to make application to Minister of Public Works for a grant of 600 pounds on a 2 for 1 basis, and on 27 September 1944, a grant of 600 pounds was received.

On 29 March 1944, Mr. Drake donated to the committer Blocks 6 and 7, High Street, Axedale, on condition that the land would definitely be used for the construction of a new hall. The hall was constructed by builder J.J. Moran and at a meeting on 08 August 1945, Shire Engineer, Mr. S. Power reported a final cost of 1374 pounds, at the same meeting it was moved by Mr. McKenzie and seconded by Cr. Mill the committee issue 5 year debentures, minimum of one pound with an interest rate of 2.5% per annum.

The first recorded event to take place in the new hall was the drawing of the 1945 Melbourne Cup Sweep on 01 November 1945. Sweeps were run to aid funding. Sports days were held at the recreation reserve to also aid funding and these were very popular events and drew large crowds. The new hall was officially opened on 05 December 1945 and to mark the occasion a grand opening ball was held. The first Debutante Ball took place on 28 December 1945.

The younger set was formed on 16 April 1946, with monthly meetings and games nights.

On 28 June 1946, the district welcomed home it’s returned service men and women and unveiled the honour roll.

The hall was a very popular place with dances and halls drawing very large crowds, special buses would run from Bendigo and Heathcote. The old generating plant was removed from service when SEC power became available in the early 1950s.

On 05 July 1967, the Axedale Indoor Bowling Club applied to committee to hold indoor bowls on Saturday nights, and continues to this day.

In recent times, the hall has been upgraded to include a Kindergarten and supper room and kitchen rebuilt.

The hall has served the community well, and will continue to do so. It’s 50th birthday will be marked on New Year’s Eve, with an old time dance, in the style of the 1940s era. Those who made their debut 50 years ago, on 28 December 1945, will be invited guests. Hope to see you there.

Peter R. Dunlop, Chairman
Axedale Hall Committee
Axedale Antics, Decemberr 1995, Edition 92.

Axedale Community Hall | Axedale – Then and Now
Axedale Public Hall
Axedale Community Hall | Axedale – Then and Now

SHIRE OF STRATHFIELDSAYE
AXEDALE PUBLIC HALL
This stone was laid by
THE HON. J.H. EDENHOP M.L.C
MINISTER OF PUBLIC WORKS
on the 30TH DAY OF JUNE 1945

????

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Axedale Colonial Country Fair 1994

The following article about the Axedale Colonial Country Fair appeared in the community newspaper, Axedale Antics on ??? This annual event was very much looked forward to by the community during the 1990s.

From: The Axedale Antics, October 1994, Edition 79

With only a few weeks to go, the Axedale Colonial Country Fair, being held on Sunday 16 October, is shaping up to be another wonderful day once more. Many of the great attractions from previous years, and some exciting new ones, will be entertaining the public all day.

The Axedale Colonial Fair is colonial AND country, incoporating the old and the new, with interesting and entertaining exhibitions and attractions, rides and relics, dining and dancing., from past to present day. There will be a hot air balloon and helicopter, Cobb & Co coach and camels, merry-go-round and gyrobix, Harley motor bike and hay rides to delight young and old alike.

Aboriginal Corroborees, Irish, Scottish, Dutch and Australian bush dances, and the Eurofest choir will perform, as well as a one act play put on by the Bendigo Community Heralth Centre and some local school children.

The Muddyflats country music band and the Emu Creek bush band will give us some easy listening music and assist the dancers. Chinese Lions will visit and dance and prance for your enjoyment.

The Axedale Colonial Country Fair Town Crier’s competition will be bigger than ever this year, with at least ten town criers showing us how well they can raise their voices.

Rob The Swaggie and Kookie Koala will no doubt have a hard time endeavouring to keep Benjamin B. Bunyip in line as usual.

Listen in delight to the beautiful sound of bygone days that emit from the old Harkness whistles.

Artillery and defence displays, including a leopard tank, will be mingled among the various other displays of vintage cars, restored Holdens and Morris Minors, motor cross bikes and sprint cars, antique machinery, Neighbourhood Watch, Penguin Club of Australia, Bendigo Community Health Centre, and many others.

View the extensive array of collectives belonging to the Golden City Collectors and the delightful doll display. Be amazed at the skills of the chainsaw sculptures. See a real, live blacksmith, and step back in time with the Axedale and Strathfieldsaye History display.

Visit the miniature rail roads, and while there, take the opportunity to talk to someone many miles away in Australia on the Bendigo Amateur Radio equipment.

Out on the arena, watch the Nanneella Tent Peggers, and the Bendigo Polo Cross give you some exhilarating examples of their exciting talents.

Clown around with clowns, meet Billy Bottle and Captain Koala, introduce yourself to the Clydesdale with the old bakers cart, inspect the penny farthing bikes, listen to the buskers, and get Ian Glanville, the characturist, to draw a portrait for you. Have a limerick written especially for you.

While Mum and Dad take advantage of a tour of the Axedale Cemetery, leave the kids at Kids Corner, where they can have their faces painted, play Life Be In It games, and enter the Benjamin BG. Bunyip colouring competition – great prizes.

Bring along your favourite pets and enter them in the Uncles Ben’s Pets ‘n’ Pals Parade – plenty of prizes and novelty sections.

This year, the inaugural Axedale Colonial Country Fair/Bendigo Cycling Club race, will take place with approx 30 senior and 30 junior riders competing.

While you wander through the large array of art & craft stalls, which include pottery and paintings, calico arts and ceramics, wooden toys and tartan weavers, jewellery and folk art, garden accessories and wood turning, hats and teddy bears, novelties and white elephant stalls, – you certainly won’t suffer any hunger pains with the variety of foods and refreshments available. Devonshire teas, pies and hot dogs, hot potatoes and takeaway, BBQ, confectionary, cakes and coffee, ice creams and soft drinks and an alcohol bar.

The Fair will be officially opened at 10am by Commissioner Mr. Les Crofts, and the entertainment will flow all day until 6pm.

At 3pm, many of these wonderful participants will congregate to be involved in the Grande Parade around the oval, and anyone attending the fair in costume is also invited to be involved in this. Prizes are awarded on the day for a variety of categories, eg. costume, stall, display.

The Dragon City Marshalls will be in attendance to assist in ensuring that people of all ages, and from all walks of life may have a hazard free and happy day.

So come visit us at Axedale, at the Colonial Country Fair on Sunday 16th October – we’d love to see you.

*******************************

Helpers are needed to help in the preparation of the grounds, in setting up on the day, and for manning various positions on the day – if you can help, we’d be very grateful. Also if you have any knowledge on erecting marquees, we sure could use you. Please phone 397316

Also donations of scones and/or cakes for the Devonshire Tea stall will be very gratefully accepted – once again, if you can help, please phone.
Many Thanks, Doreen (Secretary)

If you recognise yourself in the photos, please let me know and I will add your name.

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Fire at Axedale – Quarry Hill Hotel 1888

From: Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), Friday 17 Feb 1888, page 3

THE FIRE AT AXEDALE
(from our correspondent)
Wednesday, 15th february.

The fire which broke out here on Sunday afternoon, and which was referred to, in your issue of Tuesday, still continues to spread, and grave fears are entertained as to the ultimate result of the conflagration. Every effort is being made to stay its progress, and willing hands are continually making efforts in that direction. So far, its ravages are principally confined to Mr. Burns’ 500 acre paddock, situated opposite to Mr. Ingham’s Quarry Hotel.

The whole of the grass fully 450 acres—in this paddock has been consumed, together with two miles of fencing. Before it left Mr. Malone’s farm it consumed 200 acres of grass, and about a mile of fencing. In your report it was stated that Mr. Ingham had lost 200 of grass. Fortunately for that gentleman, that was a mistake,” and so far he has not suffered very much. Today his stack was in great danger, a quarter of a mile of dead wood fence enclosing i,t having taken fire.

Precautions were, however, taken, and the grass in the immediate vicinity of the stack burnt, and it is hoped that this will have the effect of placing it out of danger. The fire is bounded on the southern side by the McIvor Road, and on east by a one chain road. Should the wind rise sufficiently to carry. it over the Mclvor Road, it will be into Mr. Heffernan’s property, in which is high grass, and nothing, to impede its progress, while should it cross the one chain road it will continue its course on towards Toolleen, through a country thickly timbered, and grassed, and also containing a numerous population.

It will thus be seen that things are at crisis, and the only chance is that the fire may burn itself out within the present limits, or that a heavy downfall of rain may put an end to it’s destructive power.

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading.

THE FIRE AT AXEDALE. (1888, February 17). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 10, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88545336

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Axedale Census 2016

In Australia, we are having our next census, in just a few days, on 10 August 2021. I’m posting the statistics for the previous census, held on 9 August 2016, so that the results can be compared. I’m positive that the population for Axedale will have increased.

These results are taken from the Australian Bureau of Statistics data.

Campaspe River, Axedale

https://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/SSC20092?opendocument

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An Itinerant And Destitute Shoemaker #Axedale

From: The Herald, Melbourne, Vic (1861-1954) Friday 23 Mary, 1873, page 3

Ingratitude
How an Itinerant and Destitute Shoemaker was beneficed and how he showed himself an Ingrate

A strange case was brought before the City Police Court yesterday morning. A respectable resident of Axedale, Mr.Kelly the proprietor of the Raglan Hotel,was charged by a person named M’Namara with stealing some leather from him; but, from the evidence given by the prosecutor himself, it appeared that there was not the slightest foundation for the charge.

‘M’Namara came to Mr. Kelly’s hotel a week ago, and between them it was arranged that M’Namara should occupy an empty house which adjoined Mr.Kelly’s house, he being a shoemaker. M’Namara was in need of the necessary ready cash to lay in a stock of leather to to work on; and Mr. Kelly with great kindness, undertook to obtain a supply for him, but with the condition that he should keep the leather in his possession, and that M’Namara should ask him for it as he wanted it.

This was more than a prudent step on Mr. Kelly’s part, as M’Namara was a perfect stranger to him. Mr. Kelly went into Sandhurst during the early part of this week, and while away from home McNamara obtained the leather from Mrs. Kelly, and took it to his shop, and upon going to bed placed it under his head. When Mr. Kelly came home he was told that M’Namara had received all the leather and taken it away with him, upon which Mr. Kelly proceeded to M’Namara’s room, and took it back again, not caring to trust him too much.

Upon this, Mr. M’Namara, with great coolness, laid information against Mr. Kelly for stealing the leather. Of course, when the case came before Mr. Cogdon, he dismissed it, and commented strongly upon M’Namara’s ingratitude.

It is strange than a magistrate oould be found to issue a warrant against a respectable and well known person,.at the request of a total stranger, whose appearance was certainly not much in favor of his respectability.
– Bendigo Independant

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading.

INGRATITUDE. (1873, May 23). The Herald (Melbourne, Vic. : 1861 – 1954), p. 3. Retrieved July 10, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245366443

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Valedictory Gathering at Axedale 1899

From: Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918), Monday 19 June 1899, page 3

VALEDICTORY GATHERING AT AXEDALE

Quite a large gathering of children and others connected with the Axedale State school assembled on Friday evening in the schoolroom at the invitation of the head teacher (Mr. S. E. Adams) to do honor to Miss Balmer, who is giving up her position as workmistress in the school. Soon after dark, the little ones gathered, and games, mostly of a novel kind, were heartily indulged in by the youngsters. Cake-eating contests and an elephant ride caused much amusement.

At 8 o’clock a capital programme of music etc., was initiated. The State school children, assisted by a few scholars from St. Mary’s Roman Catholic School, with the kind acquiescence, of Miss Kennedy, the teacher, gave a most attractive performance. Every item was rendered with evident enjoyment by the little ones, whose sweet singing and graceful actions reflected the greatest credit on all concerned in their training.

Among the soloists were Daisy Cundill, who sang, “Who’ll be My Valentine,” and had to repeat it by special request. Mary Jones, who gave “Katie Farrell” very acceptably, and Tensie Connell, who sang “Robin Redbreast” with much sweetness. “Sally Horner” was ren dered with notable expression by Daisy Cundill and Eileen Hanson, both very little ones, and the last mentioned little lady sang “I’m Going to write to Papa,” and performed a step dance very gracefully.

Mr. T. Drake gave a very interesting musical interlude with flageolet, bellows, glasses, etc. The children’s choruses were “When the Soldiers beat their drum” and “Four Jolly Smiths” (with anvil accompaniment). A concerted piece, “Railway Trains,” caused a deal of amusement, and the children who took the parts of guard (W. Winzar), porter (L. Allen), obstreperous passengers, etc., deserve special mention. Class recitations, “Which Love Best”‘ and “The Crusader’s Motto,” were effectively rendered, and very amusing action rhymes (written by the head teacher), were given as follows:—”The Girl and the Mud lark,” “Lollipops,” “Washing Day,” “The Birdies’ Song,” “Swing Song,” and Nursery Rhymes re-written. Almost all the items on the programme were given in character. A special treat was the rendition of song’s, dialogues, and instrumental selections on the gramophone, very kindly lent and manipulated by Mr. John Heffernan.

At the conclusion of the part of the programme an enjoyable supper was partaken of, after which Mr. W. S. Cahill (chairman of the Board of Advice), who had kindly consented to take the chair for the evening, referred in appreciatory terms to the good work Miss Balmer had done during the five or six years she had been connected with the school.

Mr. Adams also spoke of his lady assistant in highly complimentary terms, making reference to her scholastic abilities, and amiability. Mr. Cahill then, on behalf of the children, presented her with a very nice gold bracelet, bearing a suitable inscription, loud cheers being given for Miss Balmer.

Cheers were also given for the head teacher, and votes of thanks to Mr. Cahill (on the motion of Mr. Kerr), to Mr. Drake, who lent piano and lamps, to Miss Kennedy, who also gave very kind assistance in several ways, and to the many other ladies and gentlemen who had assisted, brought to a conclusion a most enjoyable evening’s entertainment.

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading.

VALEDICTORY GATHERING AT AXEDALE. (1899, June 19). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 15, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89822455

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Rowdyism At Axedale 1881

From: The Ballarat Courier (Vic: 1869-1884; 1914-1918) Thursday, 19 May 1881, page 3

ROWDYISM AT AXEDALE.

A most disgraceful case of ruffianism has been reported to the Sandhurst police. A tea meeting was advertised to take place at St. Nicholas’ Roman Catholic Church, Axedale, about fourteen miles from Sandhurst, on Saturday. A mob of young toughs, numbering over a dozen, and known as the Back Creek larrikins,.appeared on the scene, and demanded food or blood.

The ladies, who were preparing the tables,” beat a hasty retreat, and the ruffians regaled themselves on the eatables provided. They then proceeded to smash the crockery and damage the place.”

They “next collected a quantity of bushes, and stacked them under the schoolroom. These they ignited, but fortunately the flames were put out before much damage was done. A man in the employment of Mr Craike, a well known vigneron in the neighborhood, who had been sent by his master to the school, with a present of fruit, was savagely set upon by the ruffians, and had his eye badly cut with a knuckleduster, which one of the gang wore.

Another man, had his eye blackened, and was otherwise maltreated. The cowardly gang assaulted old and young alike, and then attempted to steal the money taken for admission. Several of the ruffians are well known to the police, and warrants have been issued. Hopes are entertained that the whole gang will be arrested and severely punished – Herald

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading

ROWDYISM AT AXEDALE. (1881, May 19). The Ballarat Courier (Vic. : 1869 – 1884; 1914 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 15, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article249288041

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The Case of James McDonald – Coronary Inquest #Axedale 1884

From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918), Tuesday 29 April 1884

THE CASE OF JAMES M’DONALD.

CORONER’S INQUEST.

The coroner (Mr. G. Webster, P.M.,) held an inquest at the Perseverance Hotel, Axedale, yesterday, on the body of James McDonald, whose mysterious disappearance was referred to in our issue of Saturday. Sergeant Fahey watched the proceedings on behalf of the police.

Henry Acott deposed: I am a farmer and publican, residing at Axedale. Knew the deceased, James McDonald. I last saw him alive on the 19th inst. On that day, he went with me and his wife into Sandhurst. We left to return home between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. We stopped at a public house on the road and had a drink. We then drove on to the Bull’s Hotel and there had another drink each. We then went on to the South Atlas Hotel and had a drink each.

After proceeding some distance, deceased asked me to let him drive, which I did. We came on to about a mile from here, about eight miles from Sandhurst. I then said to him, “Your wife is sick. You had better sit by her and look after her.” He did so, and seemed to behave in a very strange manner. He caught hold of her by the throat, and she sang out and I then said, “What are you doing?” He continued his conduct, and I then said, ” Are you going to kill the woman? ”

The deceased then struck me three times over the head with his fist. I hastened the horse on to get here (the Perseverance Hotel.) When we got out he struck me, knocking me down. I said, ” You ought to be ashamed of yourself to strike an old man like me.” He rushed at me again, and I ran into the bar of the hotel. Deceased followed me. I went outside again and told his wife to get out of the trap as I would not take her any further.

She got out and I immediately went home, leaving the deceased and his wife in the bar. This was about half-past nine o’clock at night. There were a number of people there at the time. I never saw deceased alive again. The deceased had at least two drinks on the road. There had not been any dispute or quarrel on the road except with me. I never had any quarrel with deceased before.

John M’Namara deposed: When the deceased, his wife, and the last witness, Acott, drove up to my hotel they appeared to be in a quarrelsome state. I heard Acott call out, “That — man has struck me twice; if there is any police about, I will give him in charge.” They both got out. De-ceased struck Acott, and he fell on the verandah. When Acott got up deceased struck him again and he fell, Some men interfered, and Acott went into the bar.

Deceased followed him and again struck him. I gave Acott some beer, and he went away. I did not see him again that night. Deceased was very quarrelsome afterwards with some men who were in the bar. I did not see the deceased struck by anyone. Deceased left about three quarters of an hour afterwards. He lost his hat, and proceeded in the direction of Sandhurst, which is by the creek, to find it. I saw no more of him. He went alone. He was mad drunk, but could walk well enough. I heard no threats made towards him by the men, who in fact were trying to pacify him.

Dr. MacGillivray deposed: I have made a post mortem examination of the body. I saw no marks of violence except a small abrasion on the right knee, and a little blood on the right ear. The internal organs were in a normal condition. The cause of death was asphyxia from drowning. I have not the slightest doubt as to the cause of death.

Elizabeth Nesto deposed that she was not the wife of the deceased, although she lived with him as such. Having corroborated the evidence of the witness Acott, she stated that the deceased did not follow her home from the Perseverance Hotel, which is about 2 miles distance. On the following morning, as the deceased did not return home, she went to the Perseverance Hotel, but did not see him alive again. Acott and deceased were always on friendly terms, so far as she knew.

Thos. Moffitt, one of the men referred to as being in the bar of the Perseverance Hotel when the deceased and Acott drove up, gave evidence of the assault on Acott.

Constable Feeley deposed that in company with Constable Luke, he found the body of the deceased under the Axe Creek bridge on the 26th, inst. There were marks showing deceased had been leaning over the bridge vomiting into the water. There was no trace of any scuttle.

The Coroner having summed up the evidence, the jury, after some deliberation, returned a verdict of “Accidentally drowned.”

punctuation

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading

THE CASE OF JAMES M’DONALD. (1884, April 29). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved July 10, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article88998756

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About Axedale 1912

From: The Advocate, Melbourne: Vic 1868-1954,Saturday 14 September 1912, page 25

AXEDALE

Perhaps no more striking illustration of this could we have, than the manner in which the congregation of St. Mary’s recently formed a conference of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. With the parish priest and spiritual director of the society, Rev. Fr. Cremin, at the fountain head, much good work has already been accomplished.

The parish of Axedale might well be regarded as a model one. not only on account of the practical demonstration of their faith, but also, if the enthusiasm with which the parishioners enter into any movement appertaining to the welfare of the Holy Catholic Church.

Besides exercising its charitable obligations, the conference has undertaken the distribution of Catholic literature. It is also proposed to build a hall for Catholic purposes, such as holding meetings, and as a place where congregational singing can be practised on Sundays, when there is no Mass.

A social will be held in aid of the building fund of St. Mary’s on October 16th. The residents of Axedale intend to give a complimentary concert to Miss Myle Egan, on the evening of the occasion of the next Hibernian picnic, in recognition of the popularity of the talented young vocalist.

A special train will leave for Bendigo after the concert for the convenience of patrons.

*Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading

AXEDALE. (1912, September 14). Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 – 1954), p. 25. Retrieved March 23, 2021, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article170953999