Bee Keeping At Axedale 1913

From: The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918) 23 December 1913, Page 7.

By Our Special Reporter

Mr. F. Barnet of Axedale, on being interviewed, commented strongly on the great advancement, has been made in bee keeping of late, owing to the legislation which makes compulsory, the use of the patent hive. The doing away with the use of the secondhand gin case, has done much for the breeder who judiciously manages his hives. This is in the direction of the control of “fowl brood.” There are also now inspectors appointed with a view to stamping out the disease. In handling bees, whether in the hive or in swarms one needs, of course, to be well protected. This, and the catching of swarms can be dispensed with here. Though one precaution is worthy of mention, and that is after the swarm has been caught, it should be left in the box until after sunset. In this way the queens from the different hives in the apiary, will not get mixed with the new catch.

In connection with robbing, any chips, leaves or bagging, may be used in the smoke blower, but the much used manure should be discarded. Why it is much used is not easy to explain, excepting that the smoke is more overpowering, for it gives the honey a decidedly disagreeable taste.

The hive should be robbed on a warm day, when the bees are working well; if not done under these circumstances, it is possible that the bees from other hives will pay more attention to the hive that is being robbed than their own. Mr. Barnett, who has about 110 hives, says that the seasons at Axedale have not been good for the past four or five years. This year promises to be better, which is curious considering that it is the off season. Meaning that it is not the year that the red gum blooms in. Intending bee breeders should always procure the Italian bee in preference lo what is known as the “Black Bee.” The former are by far the more industrious as honey procurers, and build up a much stronger hive than the blacks.

Though bee keeping is found to be fairly profitable by Mr. Barnett, he says that at Axedale it is a very erratic occupation, and though some years there are big years, there are times when there is none worth the mention. Then there is the risk of losing swarms. Again, although the science of the industry has advanced, disease is much more prevalent. The queen should never be taken, from the upper box, but should always be taken from the brood chamber. The queens should be replaced before they become worn out. A common mistake is to he satisfied with any, just so long as there is a queen in the hive. The combs are put into an extractor which consists of a circular spindle (made to revolve by either manual or motive power), with comb frames. The honey is then extracted by centrifugal force. .The honey should be healed and seamed, and should stand for from 24 to 48 hours before being canned. This has the effect of giving it a clear appearance.

“BEE-KEEPING.” The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918) 23 December 1913: 7. Web. 3 Mar 2022 <;.

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Campaspe Plains Station

The following article was published in the Axedale Antics, in 2011. The Axedale Antics is Axedale’s community newspaper.

Early Settlers: Campaspe Plains Station

Campaspe Plains Station – Charles Hutton

The township of Axedale was originally part of the Campaspe Plains Station. It is interesting to note that the original spelling is different to that used today.

Charles Hutton took up Campaspie Plains in July, 1838, having overlanded, probably from Sydney, with a large party including eight assigned convicts.

Hutton was born in London in 1808, and joined the East India Company, as a cadet in 1825. He was commissioned an ensign in 1826, when stationed in India. In 1937, Hutton took leave and travelled to New South Wales and participated in an exploratory party looking for suitable pastoral country. Hutton resigned from the East India Company in 1839, while still on leave.

Hutton and his party first settled on the upper reaches of the Wild Duck Creek, which he called Vincent Creek. They stayed here for a few months, then moved further down stream.

The original head station was on the west bank of the Wild Duck Creek, which later became known as Langworner.

In theory, the original Campaspie Plains Station was approximately 400,000 acres of grazing land which comprised of the country later taken up by the Axedale, Barnadown, Muskerry, Mt. Pleasant, Majors Line and Mitchells Creek Stations.

Campaspie Plains Massacre

Due to the drought at the time, the sheep had to be spread out over a vast area, in order to obtain enough feed. An outstation hut was established on the Campaspie, where the Barnadown bridge now stands. This was 18 miles from the main station on Wild Duck Creek. Hutton sent two flocks of sheep, two shepherds, and a hut keeper to the new outstation.

Hugh Bryan, a shepherd, and James Neill, a hut keeper were killed in May 1839, at the Barnadown outstation, by Aborigines, possibly as retribution for the earlier Aboriginal deaths.

Mounted police accompanied by Charles Hutton, killed at least five Aboriginals, in what was later described, after an official investigation, as a deliberately planned illegal reprisal.

The body of James Neill was not found in the initial search. However, in 1878, contractors digging a trench, unearthed the body of a European male, one and half miles from where the outstation was situated. Evidence including brass buttons and a buckle and the location of the body indicated to the authorities that it almost certainly was the body of James Neill.

By January 1840, Hutton sold the station to Daniel Jennings and George Playne, for 10,000 pounds, which included 7000 sheep. Hutton moved to Melbourne and married Margaret Smith in 1842. Their first daughter was born the following year. Hutton continued to be involved with pastoral interests, but never lived on any of those properties.

Pastoral Settlement in Northern Victoria, RANDALL J.O.
Axedale Antics, March 2011

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Happy New Year and Plans for 2022

Wishing for all are for a Happy, Healthy and Safe New Year.
2022 is now here and it’s time to look at what’s ahead for this One Place Study for the coming year. 2021 was a difficult year for most, due to the pandemic, and I know I was very happy to wave it goodbye. Lets hope for better things in 2022

What is a One Place Study?

For those new to this site, you are probably asking the question. What on earth is a One Place Study?

A One Place Study is a designated study of a particular city, town, village or area. There are quite a few One Place Studies being done worldwide, and Axedale is one of them. It is also the first One Place Study to be done in Victoria. Most family historians do a little research on the place where their ancestors settled. But a One Place Study doesn’t focus on any particular family. The focus is on the place.

A One Place Study aims to report on everything that occurs, or has occurred in a place, including geographical, the people living or who lived, in a community, community activites, education, employment, business. Anything that occurs or occurred in a particular area at a particular time can be recorded on a One Place Study. There are many sources for the detailed study of an area. Archives, newspapers, court records, oral information and local knowledge are just a few.

This One Place Study started in 2014. There have been a few stops and starts along the way, mainly due to time constraints. However, it is now going strong, and I intend it to continue to do so for the long term. The Axedale One Place Study is archived in the National Library of Australia, which means that it will be available to researchers in the future when I’m no longer here to be it’s caretaker. It is hoped that this site will be an archive of resources for researchers in the future.

Looking Ahead to 2022

A continuing focus will be on headstones, as I attempt to add all headstones from both the Axedale General Cemetery and the Axedale Catholic Cemetery. Eventually, I would love this to be a place to come to, in order to find your ancestor’s headstone. The headstones are also a great way to learn more about the life of the people living in Axedale at a particular time. For example, headstones show that many people came to Axedale, from County Clare in Ireland, in the 1850s, for the gold rush that was happening in the area.

Birth, marriage and death notices, along with obituaries of locals which were printed in newspapers, will also be published here along with other general news found in the newspapers. Archive centres are a great resource for land records, inquests, wills and much more. You will find more information from these repositories published during 2022.

The Society for One-Place Studies provide blogging prompts during the year that help to give focus and variety to the types of posts published. Other than that, they are just good fun. My reply to the January prompt #OnePlaceBlackSheep will appear very soon.

If you have photos of Axedale and surrounding areas which you would like to have archived, please don’t hesistate to contact me. I am happy to publish them here so they are not lost in the future.

If you have photos of Axedale and surrounding areas which you would like to have archived, please don’t hesistate to contact me. I am happy to publish them here so they are not lost in the future.

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Axedale Burial: Catherine McGrath 1921 and Mary McGrath 1895



From: The Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 – 1954), Thursday 21 July 1921, page 16

Mrs. McGrath, Lyal, wife of Mr. P. McGrath, has passed away at her residence, Happy Valley, and was buried at Axedale. She was 92 years of age. Mrs. McGrath was one of the oldest settlers left in the district, and leaves a husband, three sons and two daughters to mourn their loss. The sons are Michael (Loch, Gippsland), James and Matthew (farmers, Lyal); and the daughters, Mrs. B. Caelli (Redesdale) and Mrs. Smith (West Australia); one son and one daughter deceased.

John Hannan, of Axedale, is Mrs. McGrath’s brotiher. Mrs McGrath was a native of Tipperary, Ireland. She left Ireland on 10th August, 1858, on the ship “Champion of the Sea,” and landed in Melbourne on 2nd November, 1858. The late Mrs. McGrath was married in the year 1869, and has resided at her late residence, Lyal, ever since. Her mother lived until the age of 107, and was a sister of the late William Heffernan, who built the Shamrock. Hotel, Bendigo, in the early fifties. The coffin-bearers were the three sons —Michael, James, and Matthew—and M. Sheedy. Rev. J. Brady, of Bendigo, read the burial service. Amongst those present at the funeral were Crs.Somerville, Hargreaves, Orr, and Doakes, of the Strathfieldsaye Shire.


WHO DIED ON 30th JUNE 1921

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading.

MRS. McGRATH. (1921, July 21). Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 – 1954), p. 16. Retrieved August 7, 2021, from

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Axedale Burial: Pascoe Family 1881 and 1883



From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918) Monday 11 June 1883, Page 2

Death from Syncope. – Yesterday afternoon the coroner conducted an inquest at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, on the body of a married woman named Jane Pascoe, who resided at Tooleen, and who died suddenly on Friday. Henry Pascoe, the husband of the deceased, deposed that his wife was 46 years of age. She was of stout build, but enjoyed good health, although she sometimes complained of pains in the region of the heart. On Thursday night she complained of pains in her left side, and on Friday morning, being no better, witness applied mustard plasters, but at about nine o’clock, or very shortly afterwards, she suddenly expired. Amelia Jane Pascoe, daughter of the deceased, stated that on Thursday and Friday, her mother was unable to leave her bed. At about nine’o’clock she was attending to her, when suddenly she turned up her eyes and expired. Dr. Hinchcliff, who made a post mortem examination of the body, testified to the cause of death as syncope from fatty degeneration of the heart. A verdict accordingly was returned.


From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918), Wednesday 28 December 1881, page 2

MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY.-Mr. O’Rourke, J.P., held, at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, an inquiry yesterday, as to the cause of death of a female child between two and three years old named Alice Pascoe, who died at Toolleen on Monday morning after a short illness. No medical man having been in attendance, Dr. Penfold made a post mortem examination, and from it ascertained that death resulted from inflammation of the lungs.

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THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER (1883, June 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved July 1, 2021, from

“THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER” Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918) 28 December 1881: 2. Web. 1 Jul 2021 <

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Jane Pascoe (unknown–8 Jun 1883), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646089, citing Axedale Catholic Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Alice Pascoe (unknown–26 Dec 1881), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646093, citing Axedale General Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Inquest: Edward Burke, Axedale 1879

Proceedings of Inquest into the body of Edward BURKE held at the Axedale Hotel

The Inquest into the death of Edward Burke was held at the Axedale Hotel on 28 February 1879, before Coroner Robert Strickland.

Jurors Names in Full

Jonathan Harris – foreman
Thomas Burke
Thomas Donnellan
Stephen Burke
Martin Comer
Alfred Lawson
Patrick Meany
John Firm
William I. Cahill
Henry Dodd
James White
John Ryan
Patrick Drake

On the twenty fourth day of February 1879, at Mosquito Creek, Axedale, the deceased Edward Burke died from haemmorhage into the peritoneum from natural causes.

Witness Statements

This deponent, on his oath saith, I am a farmer from Mosquito Creek Axedale.
The deceased Edward BURKE of whose body the jury have had the view, was my son. He was 3 1/2 years old. He was a strong, healthy child, and never had sickness until Friday last the 21st instant, when he commenced to vomit greatly and complained of pain in the stomach – he appeared in greater pain when endeavouring to make water. His mother administered the usual domestic remedies and gave him a warm bath. The complaint was not considered sufficiently serious as to necessitate the attendance of a medical man. On Saturday and on Sunday morning, deceased was considerably better and was able to get up but on Sunday morning between 8 and 9 o’clock he had a relapse and became very weak and gradually sank and died at 2am on Monday the 24th instant. Deceased was sensible up to the time of his death.
(signed: John Burke)

Harry Leigh Atkinson
This deponent, on his oath saith, I am a legally qualified medical practitioner, residing at Sandhurst.
I have this day made a post mortem examination of the body of the deceased Edward BURKE, of whose body the jury have had the view. It is that of a male child between 3 and 4 years of age. There are no external marks of violence on the body, which is extremely well nourished, and has been apparently well cared for. On opening the chest, I found the heart and lungs quite healthy. The stomach was healthy and contained some fluid nourishment. The kidneys, spleen and bladder were also all healthy. There was no sign of any disease of the intestinal track, which contained sufficient nourishment. I found in the cavity of the peritoneum a quantity of coagulated and fluid blood. As I could not discover the rupture of a blood vessel of any size, I am of the opinion that this blood had exuded from the small capillary vessels. The father’s account of the symptoms accord with the post mortem appearances. The cause of death was haemorrhage into the peritoneal cavity and natural causes. Had a medical man been called in, he would not have been able to save the child’s life. The nature of the disease would have been very obscure during life.
(signed: Harry Leigh Atkinson)

Inquest EDWARD Burke, Public Records Office of Victoria, Series: Inquest depostition files, Agency: State Coroners Office, Citation: VPRS 24/PO Unit 387, Item: 1879/210 Male

The above report is taken from the official Inquest document and includes excerpts only. All important facts relating to the inquest are included but not the entire file.

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Lake Eppalock #OnePlaceLandmarks

The Society for One-Place Studies have put out a series of prompts for One Place Study bloggers and for Social Media posts. I was very keen to include Axedale Then and Now, as prompts such as these, make me stop and think and often lead to me publishing posts on topics that I may not have thought about, otherwise. They also keep me accountable. The prompt for January is Landmarks. I have chosen Lake Eppalock as my Landmark topic.

Lake Eppalock

Lake Eppalock is a huge man-made reservoir of water situated just outside Axedale. Between 1961 and 1964, a large artificial earth and rock dam was created with a spillway across the Campaspe and Coliban rivers. This water was intended to be used for irrigation by farmers of the Campaspe Irrigation district, along with water supply to Bendigo, Heathcote, and in recent years, Ballarat.

Google Maps

Lake Eppalock was built by the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission. The dam wall is 45 metres high and the main embankment 1041 metres long. The surface area of Lake Eppalock is 3011 hectares.

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State Rivers and Water Supply, State Library of Victoria

In years of drought, water levels can get very low. Recreation activities are not possible at these times. When water levels are low, many historical sites are exposed. It’s possible to see ruins of old homesteads, machines used by miners during the gold rush, stone fences, bridge ruins and other items of historic interest.

The photo below shows the ruins of a bridge that existed before the Lake Eppalock area was flooded. This photo was taken in 2009, when Lake Eppalock was almost empty due to severe drought. Only one year after this photo was taken, the drought broke, and heavy rain once again filled the lake. –

Lake Eppalock Photo:

Lake Eppalock is also very popular for water sports, with boating, skiing and fishing enthusiasts flocking there during the summer months. There are caravan parks and camping grounds on the foreshore which, in the summer months, when water levels are high, are packed.

Photo: Lake Eppalock Holiday Park
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Unfortunately farmers and landholders were forced to leave their farms when the State Government made the decision to acquire land in order to build the Eppalock Dam to provide water during crippling droughts. In 2001, a monument was erected on the banks of Lake Eppalock in memory of those who lost their land. The monument features names of people who made up the Eppalock Landholders Association in 1960.

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*Important Note: The Taungurung and Dja Dja Wurrung people are the traditional owners of the land, and today the land and waterways still remain central to their cultural identity. Their role is recognised as being unique in the life of this region.

State Library of Vic
State Library of Cictoria
State Rivers and Water Supply Commission Victoria
Google Maps

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Axedale Burial: Martin & Margaret Mangan

Axedale Catholic Cemetery

Margaret Mangan

From: Bendigo Advertiser, Thursday 12 November 1919, page3
The remains of the late Mrs. Margaret Mangan, wife of Mr. Martin Mangan, were interred in the Axedale Cemetery yesterday. The funeral moved from deceased’s late residence, Kimbolton. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. M. Comer, T. Banfield, J. Noonan, and F. Holmes. The Rev. Father Cremin read the burial service. Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen had charge of the funeral arrangements. The deceased lady, who was a native of County Clare, Ireland, was a colonist of 48 years. Six sons and two daughters are left to mourn their loss.

Martin Mangan

From: Bendigo Independent, Wednesday 18 October 1916, page 6
The funeral of Mr. Martin Mangan, of Kimboltan, took place yesterday, to the Axedale Cemetery, leaving his residence at 12 o’clock. He was a resident of the district for upwards of 50 years, and highly respected. He was a native of Clare (Ireland) and leaves a family of five sons and two daughters.
The coffin-bearers were Messrs. J. O’Dwyer, T. Banfield, P. Madden and P. Green. The Rev. Father Kelly read the service at the graveside. Messrs. Fizelle and Mullqueen were the undertakers.

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DIED 09 NOV. 1909

OBITUARY. (1916, October 18). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from

OBITUARY. (1909, November 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2020, from

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Axedale Burial Molloy 1870

Axedale Catholic Cemetery



From: Bendigo Advertiser, Monday, 25 July 1870

The district coroner, Dr J. Pounds, also held an inquest on Saturday, at Axedale, on the body of a man named Charles Molloy, who came suddenly by his death,on the 22nd inst, at his residence there.

After the evidence of a few farmers was taken, which showed that deceased was apparently a healthy man. Dr H. L. Atkinson gave evidence that a lad came to him for some medicine which he gave him, the lad stating that his father was very bad. Witness went to visit deceased, but found him dead. The cause of death was pneumonia of the lungs. The jury returned a verdict accordingly.

ELLEN MOLLOY died 2 September 1900

From: Bendigo Advertiser, Tuesday 4 September 1900

The Friends of Mr. Peter Molloy are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late beloved mother, (Ellen) to the Axedale Cemetery. Funeral to move from his residence, Mount Pleasant, this day, the 4th inst., at ten o’clock.

From: The Elmore Standard, Friday, 07 September 1900, page 2

Our Barnedown correspondent writes I regret to chronicle the death of Mrs. Ellen Molloy, a very old and highly-respected resident of Mount Pleasant, the cause being general breaking-up of the system. The deceased, who was 46 years of age, leaves two sons and two daughters, grown-up. The funeral on Tuesday which moved from the residence of her son, Mr. Peter Molloy, to the Axedale cemetery was largely attended. The burial service was impressively read by the Rev. Father O’Carroll, and Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen carried out the funeral arrangements. -• one at die Stamdori News Agency, Is. cadi. Received, “Windsor Magazine”for August and ” Australian Journal” for September. 
FIZELLE and MULQUEEN, Undertakers, Bridge-street.

sacred to the memory
charles molloy
died july 23rd 1870, aged 46 years
native of cy kildare, ireland
ellen molloy
native of county clare ireland
died sept 2nd 1900 aged 74 years
rest in peace
and their son
peter molloY
died october 23rd 191-0

SUDDEN DEATH. (1870, July 25). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved September 12, 2020, from

Family Notices (1900, September 4). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved September 12, 2020, from

“No Title” The Elmore Standard (Vic. : 1882 – 1910) 7 September 1900: 2. Web. 12 Sep 2020 <;.

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