Axedale Burial: Catherine McGrath 1921 and Mary McGrath 1895



From: The Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 – 1954), Thursday 21 July 1921, page 16

Mrs. McGrath, Lyal, wife of Mr. P. McGrath, has passed away at her residence, Happy Valley, and was buried at Axedale. She was 92 years of age. Mrs. McGrath was one of the oldest settlers left in the district, and leaves a husband, three sons and two daughters to mourn their loss. The sons are Michael (Loch, Gippsland), James and Matthew (farmers, Lyal); and the daughters, Mrs. B. Caelli (Redesdale) and Mrs. Smith (West Australia); one son and one daughter deceased.

John Hannan, of Axedale, is Mrs. McGrath’s brotiher. Mrs McGrath was a native of Tipperary, Ireland. She left Ireland on 10th August, 1858, on the ship “Champion of the Sea,” and landed in Melbourne on 2nd November, 1858. The late Mrs. McGrath was married in the year 1869, and has resided at her late residence, Lyal, ever since. Her mother lived until the age of 107, and was a sister of the late William Heffernan, who built the Shamrock. Hotel, Bendigo, in the early fifties. The coffin-bearers were the three sons —Michael, James, and Matthew—and M. Sheedy. Rev. J. Brady, of Bendigo, read the burial service. Amongst those present at the funeral were Crs.Somerville, Hargreaves, Orr, and Doakes, of the Strathfieldsaye Shire.


WHO DIED ON 30th JUNE 1921

**Please note: Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading.

MRS. McGRATH. (1921, July 21). Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 – 1954), p. 16. Retrieved August 7, 2021, from

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Axedale Burial: Pascoe Family 1881 and 1883



From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918) Monday 11 June 1883, Page 2

Death from Syncope. – Yesterday afternoon the coroner conducted an inquest at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, on the body of a married woman named Jane Pascoe, who resided at Tooleen, and who died suddenly on Friday. Henry Pascoe, the husband of the deceased, deposed that his wife was 46 years of age. She was of stout build, but enjoyed good health, although she sometimes complained of pains in the region of the heart. On Thursday night she complained of pains in her left side, and on Friday morning, being no better, witness applied mustard plasters, but at about nine o’clock, or very shortly afterwards, she suddenly expired. Amelia Jane Pascoe, daughter of the deceased, stated that on Thursday and Friday, her mother was unable to leave her bed. At about nine’o’clock she was attending to her, when suddenly she turned up her eyes and expired. Dr. Hinchcliff, who made a post mortem examination of the body, testified to the cause of death as syncope from fatty degeneration of the heart. A verdict accordingly was returned.


From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918), Wednesday 28 December 1881, page 2

MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY.-Mr. O’Rourke, J.P., held, at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, an inquiry yesterday, as to the cause of death of a female child between two and three years old named Alice Pascoe, who died at Toolleen on Monday morning after a short illness. No medical man having been in attendance, Dr. Penfold made a post mortem examination, and from it ascertained that death resulted from inflammation of the lungs.

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THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER (1883, June 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved July 1, 2021, from

“THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER” Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918) 28 December 1881: 2. Web. 1 Jul 2021 <

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Jane Pascoe (unknown–8 Jun 1883), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646089, citing Axedale Catholic Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Alice Pascoe (unknown–26 Dec 1881), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646093, citing Axedale General Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Inquest: Edward Burke, Axedale 1879

Proceedings of Inquest into the body of Edward BURKE held at the Axedale Hotel

The Inquest into the death of Edward Burke was held at the Axedale Hotel on 28 February 1879, before Coroner Robert Strickland.

Jurors Names in Full

Jonathan Harris – foreman
Thomas Burke
Thomas Donnellan
Stephen Burke
Martin Comer
Alfred Lawson
Patrick Meany
John Firm
William I. Cahill
Henry Dodd
James White
John Ryan
Patrick Drake

On the twenty fourth day of February 1879, at Mosquito Creek, Axedale, the deceased Edward Burke died from haemmorhage into the peritoneum from natural causes.

Witness Statements

This deponent, on his oath saith, I am a farmer from Mosquito Creek Axedale.
The deceased Edward BURKE of whose body the jury have had the view, was my son. He was 3 1/2 years old. He was a strong, healthy child, and never had sickness until Friday last the 21st instant, when he commenced to vomit greatly and complained of pain in the stomach – he appeared in greater pain when endeavouring to make water. His mother administered the usual domestic remedies and gave him a warm bath. The complaint was not considered sufficiently serious as to necessitate the attendance of a medical man. On Saturday and on Sunday morning, deceased was considerably better and was able to get up but on Sunday morning between 8 and 9 o’clock he had a relapse and became very weak and gradually sank and died at 2am on Monday the 24th instant. Deceased was sensible up to the time of his death.
(signed: John Burke)

Harry Leigh Atkinson
This deponent, on his oath saith, I am a legally qualified medical practitioner, residing at Sandhurst.
I have this day made a post mortem examination of the body of the deceased Edward BURKE, of whose body the jury have had the view. It is that of a male child between 3 and 4 years of age. There are no external marks of violence on the body, which is extremely well nourished, and has been apparently well cared for. On opening the chest, I found the heart and lungs quite healthy. The stomach was healthy and contained some fluid nourishment. The kidneys, spleen and bladder were also all healthy. There was no sign of any disease of the intestinal track, which contained sufficient nourishment. I found in the cavity of the peritoneum a quantity of coagulated and fluid blood. As I could not discover the rupture of a blood vessel of any size, I am of the opinion that this blood had exuded from the small capillary vessels. The father’s account of the symptoms accord with the post mortem appearances. The cause of death was haemorrhage into the peritoneal cavity and natural causes. Had a medical man been called in, he would not have been able to save the child’s life. The nature of the disease would have been very obscure during life.
(signed: Harry Leigh Atkinson)

Inquest EDWARD Burke, Public Records Office of Victoria, Series: Inquest depostition files, Agency: State Coroners Office, Citation: VPRS 24/PO Unit 387, Item: 1879/210 Male

The above report is taken from the official Inquest document and includes excerpts only. All important facts relating to the inquest are included but not the entire file.

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Lake Eppalock #OnePlaceLandmarks

The Society for One-Place Studies have put out a series of prompts for One Place Study bloggers and for Social Media posts. I was very keen to include Axedale Then and Now, as prompts such as these, make me stop and think and often lead to me publishing posts on topics that I may not have thought about, otherwise. They also keep me accountable. The prompt for January is Landmarks. I have chosen Lake Eppalock as my Landmark topic.

Lake Eppalock

Lake Eppalock is a huge man-made reservoir of water situated just outside Axedale. Between 1961 and 1964, a large artificial earth and rock dam was created with a spillway across the Campaspe and Coliban rivers. This water was intended to be used for irrigation by farmers of the Campaspe Irrigation district, along with water supply to Bendigo, Heathcote, and in recent years, Ballarat.

Google Maps

Lake Eppalock was built by the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission. The dam wall is 45 metres high and the main embankment 1041 metres long. The surface area of Lake Eppalock is 3011 hectares.

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State Rivers and Water Supply, State Library of Victoria

In years of drought, water levels can get very low. Recreation activities are not possible at these times. When water levels are low, many historical sites are exposed. It’s possible to see ruins of old homesteads, machines used by miners during the gold rush, stone fences, bridge ruins and other items of historic interest.

The photo below shows the ruins of a bridge that existed before the Lake Eppalock area was flooded. This photo was taken in 2009, when Lake Eppalock was almost empty due to severe drought. Only one year after this photo was taken, the drought broke, and heavy rain once again filled the lake. –

Lake Eppalock Photo:

Lake Eppalock is also very popular for water sports, with boating, skiing and fishing enthusiasts flocking there during the summer months. There are caravan parks and camping grounds on the foreshore which, in the summer months, when water levels are high, are packed.

Photo: Lake Eppalock Holiday Park
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Unfortunately farmers and landholders were forced to leave their farms when the State Government made the decision to acquire land in order to build the Eppalock Dam to provide water during crippling droughts. In 2001, a monument was erected on the banks of Lake Eppalock in memory of those who lost their land. The monument features names of people who made up the Eppalock Landholders Association in 1960.

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*Important Note: The Taungurung and Dja Dja Wurrung people are the traditional owners of the land, and today the land and waterways still remain central to their cultural identity. Their role is recognised as being unique in the life of this region.

State Library of Vic
State Library of Cictoria
State Rivers and Water Supply Commission Victoria
Google Maps

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Axedale Burial: Martin & Margaret Mangan

Axedale Catholic Cemetery

Margaret Mangan

From: Bendigo Advertiser, Thursday 12 November 1919, page3
The remains of the late Mrs. Margaret Mangan, wife of Mr. Martin Mangan, were interred in the Axedale Cemetery yesterday. The funeral moved from deceased’s late residence, Kimbolton. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. M. Comer, T. Banfield, J. Noonan, and F. Holmes. The Rev. Father Cremin read the burial service. Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen had charge of the funeral arrangements. The deceased lady, who was a native of County Clare, Ireland, was a colonist of 48 years. Six sons and two daughters are left to mourn their loss.

Martin Mangan

From: Bendigo Independent, Wednesday 18 October 1916, page 6
The funeral of Mr. Martin Mangan, of Kimboltan, took place yesterday, to the Axedale Cemetery, leaving his residence at 12 o’clock. He was a resident of the district for upwards of 50 years, and highly respected. He was a native of Clare (Ireland) and leaves a family of five sons and two daughters.
The coffin-bearers were Messrs. J. O’Dwyer, T. Banfield, P. Madden and P. Green. The Rev. Father Kelly read the service at the graveside. Messrs. Fizelle and Mullqueen were the undertakers.

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DIED 09 NOV. 1909

OBITUARY. (1916, October 18). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from

OBITUARY. (1909, November 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2020, from

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Axedale Burial Molloy 1870

Axedale Catholic Cemetery



From: Bendigo Advertiser, Monday, 25 July 1870

The district coroner, Dr J. Pounds, also held an inquest on Saturday, at Axedale, on the body of a man named Charles Molloy, who came suddenly by his death,on the 22nd inst, at his residence there.

After the evidence of a few farmers was taken, which showed that deceased was apparently a healthy man. Dr H. L. Atkinson gave evidence that a lad came to him for some medicine which he gave him, the lad stating that his father was very bad. Witness went to visit deceased, but found him dead. The cause of death was pneumonia of the lungs. The jury returned a verdict accordingly.

ELLEN MOLLOY died 2 September 1900

From: Bendigo Advertiser, Tuesday 4 September 1900

The Friends of Mr. Peter Molloy are respectfully invited to follow the remains of his late beloved mother, (Ellen) to the Axedale Cemetery. Funeral to move from his residence, Mount Pleasant, this day, the 4th inst., at ten o’clock.

From: The Elmore Standard, Friday, 07 September 1900, page 2

Our Barnedown correspondent writes I regret to chronicle the death of Mrs. Ellen Molloy, a very old and highly-respected resident of Mount Pleasant, the cause being general breaking-up of the system. The deceased, who was 46 years of age, leaves two sons and two daughters, grown-up. The funeral on Tuesday which moved from the residence of her son, Mr. Peter Molloy, to the Axedale cemetery was largely attended. The burial service was impressively read by the Rev. Father O’Carroll, and Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen carried out the funeral arrangements. -• one at die Stamdori News Agency, Is. cadi. Received, “Windsor Magazine”for August and ” Australian Journal” for September. 
FIZELLE and MULQUEEN, Undertakers, Bridge-street.

sacred to the memory
charles molloy
died july 23rd 1870, aged 46 years
native of cy kildare, ireland
ellen molloy
native of county clare ireland
died sept 2nd 1900 aged 74 years
rest in peace
and their son
peter molloY
died october 23rd 191-0

SUDDEN DEATH. (1870, July 25). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved September 12, 2020, from

Family Notices (1900, September 4). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 4. Retrieved September 12, 2020, from

“No Title” The Elmore Standard (Vic. : 1882 – 1910) 7 September 1900: 2. Web. 12 Sep 2020 <;.

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A dastardly act in Axedale 1893

from Bendigo Advertiser Saturday April 1, 1893, page 5



What is evidently a most despicable and malicious act was perpetrated at Axedale on Wednesday evening, the victim being Mr. N. Ingham, the well-known quarry proprietor and hotel keeper of that place.  On Tuesday after noon an elderly man named Charles Seward, a laborer, arrived by train in Axedale, having been engaged at the Government labor bureau in Melbourne, by Mr. P. J. Cooney, the teacher at the Campaspe East State School, to work for him for 8s per week. On Tuesday evening he camped on the river bank under the bridge at Axedale, and on Wednesday he did some odd jobs for Mr. Ingham, who, however, was dissatisfied with the manner in which the man performed his work.

They had a settlement, and Mr. Ingham told the fellow to move on. Seward asked for a glass of beer, but the request was refused. The man left the hotel muttering vengeance against the landlord. He took his swag and tramped off along the road to Toolleen.

A young man, named Johnson, a woodcarter in the employ of Mr. Minter, was driving a horse and load of wood into Axedale, when he discovered that he had lost a couple of wedges. He walked back along the road and suddenly came on Seward, whom he alleges he saw set fire to a fence in three different places. As soon as Seward saw that he was discovered,he remarked to Johnson, ” You saw me lighting my pipe, didn’t you?” Johnson replied that that excuse was ” too thin, ” as he had seen the man deliberately fire the fence, which belongs to Mr. Ingham.

Seward remarked that if Johnson said a word about the matter he would blow his brain out. He then walked off along the road towards Toolleen. The alarm was raised, and several persons attracted by the smoke hurried to the spot, and by their united efforts subdued the flames, but not before nearly half a mile of fencing and a quantity of grass had been destroyed.

Mounted constable Haydon, who is in charge of the police station at Axedale, was away on duty at the Wild Duck Creek during the day, and on his return home in the evening the matter was reported to him by Mr. Ingham.

The constable at once set off in chase of the offender, and nearing Toolleen, which is about 15 miles distant from Axedale, he noticed a man camping by the roadside. From the description that had been furnished him by Mr. Ingham, the constable arrested the fellow, and on bringing him back to the police station he was fully identified.

He was then locked up on a charge of wilfully and maliciously setting fire to the property. It was a fortunate circumstance that there was not any wind blowing at the time or the adjoining properties of Messrs. Heffernan, Cahill, Brown and others right down to the Clare Inn would probably have been destroyed.

The accused was brought into Bendigo on Thursday by Constable Baydon and, during the afternoon. Mr. J. R. Hoskins, J.P., attended at the Town Hall and remanded the accused, who denied the charge, until Thursday next.


Axedale Concert 1915

The Advocate 04 September 1915

At Mr. Drake’s Hall on Wednesday, 25th August, the annual concert was held in aid of the funds of St. Mary’s Church. The Rev. M. Heffernan occupied the chair.

The attendance was very large and the programme good. The following ladies and gentlemen contributed items: — Misses M. Bentley, C. Ronan, V. O’Donneli, E. and M. O’Connor, and C. J. Drake, Messrs. W. Ruth, J. Herrick J. R. M cDonald, and A. Brown.


Mrs. W. Ruth acted as accompanist, and her playing was a feature of the programme. The manner in which the artists rendered their respective items must have been pleasing to the party who travelled from Bendigo over bad roads to entertain the residents of Axedale.

Mr. C. Burke, of Bendigo, with his usual generosity, placed his fine car at the disposal of the artists. He also contributed to the funds by raffling a clock which was won by Mr. R. O’Brien, of the Crown Hotel, Bendigo (ticket No. 39) Mr. W. Hawkins acted as secretary, and was ably assisted by a ladies committee, with, Misses D. Neylon and A Brown as joint secretaries. The Rev. chairman thanked all who assisted to make the concert such a social and financial success.

(Punctuation and paragraphs  have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading)