Inquest Patrick Rogers Axedale 1882

The inquest of Patrick Rogers was held at Drake’s Hotel on April 12, 1882 before Robert Strickland JP.

North Western Police District
4th April 1882

Report of Constable Feeley, relative to a man found drowned at Axedale. I beg leave to report for the information of the Coroner, that about noon today, a man Rogers, who lived at Axedale, near the bridge over the Campaspe, was found drowned in the river, at the usual place where he used to go for water. Mary Cabey first saw him in the water, his back was not under the water. She told William Shawburn and William Winzar, who took the body out of the water. There are no marks of violence on the body. The deceased’s bucket was found in the water, close to the body. William Smith saw the deceased between 9 and 10 am, the same day, taking wood into his hut.
(signed) Constable Feeley.

There are also witness statements outlining similar details from Mary Cabey, William Shawburn William Winzar, and William Smith

Witness Statement from William Smith, Carpenter, Campaspe River, Axedale.
I have known the deceased Patrick Rogers, whose body is now here lying dead, for about 16 years, during which time he has lived on the banks of the Campaspe River. He lived alone and was about 70 years of age. He was accustomed to walk with a stock and his back was doubled up. Last saw him alive yesterday (Tuesday) morning the 4th instant, at half past 9 o’clock on the roadway near his own place. He was gathering wood to make a fire. In about two hours afterwards, I heard that he had been found drowned in the river. The river bank is about 150 yards from the back of deceased’s place. The bank is very steep and is approached by a small pathway made by deceased himself. The body was found in a few inches of water, quite dead. On being searched, five shillings was found in deceased’s pocket.
(his mark x ) William Smith

Witness Statement from Edwin Hinchcliff, legally qualified medical practitioner, residing at Sandhurst
I have this day made a post mortem examination of the body of Patrick Rogers, here lying dead. It is that of a man between 60 and 70 years of age, stout and well nourished. There was a small contused wound on the left lower eyelid, but no other mark of violence. I found the right lung congested in the lower lobe but there was no trace of water in the bronchi. The left lung was firmly adherent to the walls of the chest and was in the same state of congestion of the right lung. The blood in the lungs was very fluid and dark colored. I removed the larynx and trachea. On opening out the larynx, I found this small piece of a clay tobacco pipe (produced) about half an inch long. It was stuck across the vocal chords. This by it’s presence would lead to asphyxia, which would cause of deceased’d death. There was no mud or trace of foreign matter in the mouth, larynx or stomach. There was no evidence of drowning.
(signed) Edwin Hinchcliff

Coroner’s Finding

Re: Patrick Rogers, deceased.
I find that on the fourth day of April, 1882, at the Campaspe River, Axedale, the deceased, Patrick Rogers died from asphyxia caused by the deceased accidentally swallowing the stem of a clay pipe (tobacco)
Dated the 5th day of April, 1882 at Axedale.

The Campaspe River today

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Axedale Burial: Pascoe Family 1881 and 1883



From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918) Monday 11 June 1883, Page 2

Death from Syncope. – Yesterday afternoon the coroner conducted an inquest at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, on the body of a married woman named Jane Pascoe, who resided at Tooleen, and who died suddenly on Friday. Henry Pascoe, the husband of the deceased, deposed that his wife was 46 years of age. She was of stout build, but enjoyed good health, although she sometimes complained of pains in the region of the heart. On Thursday night she complained of pains in her left side, and on Friday morning, being no better, witness applied mustard plasters, but at about nine o’clock, or very shortly afterwards, she suddenly expired. Amelia Jane Pascoe, daughter of the deceased, stated that on Thursday and Friday, her mother was unable to leave her bed. At about nine’o’clock she was attending to her, when suddenly she turned up her eyes and expired. Dr. Hinchcliff, who made a post mortem examination of the body, testified to the cause of death as syncope from fatty degeneration of the heart. A verdict accordingly was returned.


From: The Bendigo Advertiser (1855-1918), Wednesday 28 December 1881, page 2

MAGISTERIAL INQUIRY.-Mr. O’Rourke, J.P., held, at Drake’s Hotel, Axedale, an inquiry yesterday, as to the cause of death of a female child between two and three years old named Alice Pascoe, who died at Toolleen on Monday morning after a short illness. No medical man having been in attendance, Dr. Penfold made a post mortem examination, and from it ascertained that death resulted from inflammation of the lungs.

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THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER (1883, June 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 2. Retrieved July 1, 2021, from

“THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER” Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918) 28 December 1881: 2. Web. 1 Jul 2021 <

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Jane Pascoe (unknown–8 Jun 1883), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646089, citing Axedale Catholic Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed 01 July 2021), memorial page for Alice Pascoe (unknown–26 Dec 1881), Find a Grave Memorial ID 167646093, citing Axedale General Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980) .

Deaths of Two Children 1874

From: The Bendigo Advertiser, Wednesday 28 October, 1874, page 3

The district coroner held an inquest yesterday at the Raglan Hotel, Axedale, on the body of Ann Mulcare, a child ten weeks old, who had been found dead in a cradle on the previous day. The evidence given showed that the child had been left at home, in charge of an elder sister, whilst the mother was in Sandhurst.

The child had been put to bed, but on going to the cradle afterwards, the sister found that the child was dead. In putting her to bed, care was taken that the clothes did not cover her face, and these were in the same position when it was discovered that the child was lifeless.

Dr. Macgillivray stated that he had made a post-mortem examination of the body, which was that of a well-nourished child. The brain was much congested, and the lungs in part only, showing that the child had not been suffocated. The cause of death was congestion of the brain. The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical testimony.

An inquest was subsequently held at Drake’s Hotel, Campaspe, on the body of Bertie Gloster, a child five months old, who also died on the previous day. Rosa Gloster, the mother, stated that a week ago, the child took a cold, but finding that it was not getting better she determined to come to Sandhurst for medical advice. On the road, about two miles from her place, the child died. Dr. Macgillivray stated that the cause of death was acute pneumonia and pleurisy, and the jury returned a verdict to that effect.

*Please note Punctuation and paragraphs have been added to the above transcription for ease and speed of reading

INQUESTS. (1874, October 28). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved February 22, 2021, from

Axedale Burial: Canny



From: Bendigo Advertiser, Thursday 28 June 1906, page 8

The funeral of the late Mr. Terrence Canny, an old and highly respected resident of Mosquito Creek, took place yesterday to the Axedale Cemetery, and was very largely attended. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. P. Bourke, P. Rogers, E. Harrison, and T. Burns. The Rev. Father Rohan conducted the burial service. The deceased gentleman leaves a widow, two sons and a daughter to mourn a sad loss. Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen carried out the funeral arrangements.


From: Bendigo Advertiser, Thursday 16 January 1908, page 3

The funeral of the late Mrs. Hannah Canny (relict of the late Terence Canny) took place yesterday to the Axedale Cemetery, leaving her residence, Mosquito Creek, at 2 o’clock and was very largely attended. The deceased lived in Victoria for 56 years, was a native of County Clare, Ireland, and leaves two sons and one daughter. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. E. Drake. J. Frawley, C. Shanahann and J. Mann. The Rev. Father Cremins read the burial service and Messrs, Fizelle and Mulqueen carried out the funeral.


OBITUARY (1906, June 28). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 8. Retrieved October 7, 2020, from

OBITUARY (1908, January 16). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918), p. 3. Retrieved October 7, 2020, from

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Axedale Burial William Ryan 1914

Axedale Catholic Cemetery

 William RyanWilliam Ryan died in the Hustler’s Reef Goldmining disaster in Bendigo. On 02 May 1914 at about 10pm, an explosion occurred on the 13th level of the mine at 321m. All seven miners working at that level were killed. Five widows and ten children were left to mourn their loss. This was the worst mining accident on the Bendigo Goldfields.

From: Bendigo Advertiser, Monday 04 May 1914, page 6


On Saturday night at about 10 o’clock the most terrible accident ever recorded in the history of Bendigo mining occurred at the Great Extended Hustler’s mine, when seven miners were launched into eternity with appalling suddenness. Occurring at so late an hour, and its nature and extent being for some time wrapped in obscurity, the news of the fatality did not become generally known till yesterday morning had advanced, and the first intimation many persons received was when the intelligence was conveyed to hushed audiences in some of the churches.

As usual, vague rumors as to the extent and nature of the accident got abroad, but it soon became definitely known that seven miners had perished as the result of an explosion, not, as is usually the case, at the working face, but in a crosscut and level, by reason of the ignition of a large quantity of explosive material which was stored in the crosscut at a place set apart for it, in accordance with the regulations.

The force of an explosion of this character has often been exemplified. A well-known instance in the history of Bendigo mining is the dynamite explosion which occurred in 1881 at the enginehouse of the New Chum Consolidated mine. The building was wrecked, and seven men were injured, one of them—the enginedriver—succumbing a few days later. On Saturday night the explosion was confined to the crosscut and adjacent workings, and the position of the bodies of the men, and the nature of their injuries are sufficient to show that the men were killed instantaneously.

Four bodies were found in the crosscut and three in the level. The fumes descended into the lower levels, and for a time placed the lives of other miners in jeopardy. Owing to the injury to the shaft, and the necessity to proceed cautiously, some hours elapsed before these men were raised to the surface, after which efforts were made to recover the bodies of the seven miners who had met their death.

How the accident actually occurred will never be known, and explanations can only be surmised. The holes had been drilled in the workings, which are some distance from the crosscut, the machines had been removed, and preparations were apparently in progress for charging the holes. How far this operation had advanced may be explained at the inquest, but the actual cause of the explosion will remain a mystery. If it was through any blunder or carelessness, the man responsible has perished with his companions, and if it was brought about by any unexpected occurrence, its nature is not ascertainable. The explosion itself has removed every clue.

The one dreadful fact remains—that seven men who were looking forward to a respite from work during the day of rest, have been suddenly cut off, and many families have been plunged into mourning. The accident has cast quite a gloom over the city. The most poignant grief will naturally be felt by relatives and friends of the dead miners, but the public generally will be profoundly shocked by what is little short of a calamity, especially when it is borne in mind that practically everything has been done to prevent accidents in our mines that human ingenuity can suggest.

How much provision the deceased miners have made for those dependent on them may be shown in a day or two, but this dire event surely emphasises the necessity for every miner becoming a member of the Miners’ Association or some organisation which provides for him in sickness or in case of accident, and for his relatives in the event of death. We have always contended that this is one of the first duties of every miner, on account of the perils which beset his path from the time he leaves the surface till he returns.

Already movements have been started for the relief of those who may be plunged into distress by Saturday night’s explosion, and it is certain that the public of Bendigo will respond liberally to the appeals which are being made. We can only add that it is with profound sorrow we place the details of this terrible accident before our readers, and in doing so we desire to express our deep sympathy with all who have been called upon to suffer bereavement.

*please note: paragraphs have been added for ease and speed of reading.

 Link to further information about the Hustlers Reef Gold Mining Disaster

From: Bendigo Advertiser, 06 May 1914, page 7 
From: The Bendigo Independent, Monday 04 May 1914, page 6

The funeral of the late Mr. William Ryan, who was killed in the disaster, took place yesterday to the Axedale Cemetery, leaving the residence of his mother, Mrs. Ryan, McLaren Street. It was largely attended, and a choice collection of flowers was received from sympathising friends. Artificial wreaths came to hand from Mr. and Mrs. Palamountain and Bridge Street friends, and Mr. and Mrs. Bacher. The coffin-bearers were Messrs. W. Knight, J. M’Namara, D. Ferrari, M. Ferrari, A. Lindrea, and A. Jackson. The chief mourners were the widow (Mrs. W. Ryan), Mrs. Ryan (mother), Mrs. Bartlett, Miss M. Ryan (sister), Mr. and Miss McNamara, Mr. D. Ryan, Mr. and Mrs. H. Fogarty, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald. The Rev. Father Ellis read the burial service. Messrs. Fizelle and Mulqueen were the undertakers.

in loving memory
william ryan
who was accidentally killed
at the great extended hustler’s mine
bendigo 2nd may 1914
aged 26
sadly missed

The Great Extended Hustlers Mine Disaster Memorial

September 2020), memorial page for William Ryan (1888–2 May 1914), Find a Grave Memorial no. 159241478, citing Axedale General Cemetery, Axedale, Greater Bendigo City, Victoria, Australia ; Maintained by Tony (contributor 47889408) .
“THE BENDIGO ADVERTISER.” (1914, May 4). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved September 21, 2020, from

WILLIAM RYAN. (1914, May 4). The Bendigo Independent (Vic. : 1891 – 1918), p. 6. Retrieved September 18, 2020, from

AXEDALE CEMETERY. (1914, May 6). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 – 1918), p. 7. Retrieved September 18, 2020, from

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